Philosophy, June 1st

“The only proper purpose of a government is to protect man’s rights, which means: to protect him from physical violence. A proper government is only a policeman, acting as an agent of man’s self-defense, and, as such, may resort to force only against those who start the use of force. The only proper functions of a government are: the police, to protect you from criminals; the army, to protect you from foreign invaders; and the courts, to protect your property and contracts from breach or fraud by others, to settle disputes by rational rules, according to objective law.” – Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged

“From the law stated above, namely that the price of labor being given, the daily or weekly wage depends on the quantity of labor expended, it follows, first of all, that the lower the price of labor, the greater must be the quantity of labor, or the longer must be the working day, for the worker to secure even a miserable average wage. The low level of the price of labor acts here as a stimulus to the extension of the labor-time.” – Karl Marx, Das Kapital

“It is chiefly with honors and dishonors, then, that the magnanimous man is concerned. At great honors bestowed by responsible persons he will feel pleasure, but only a moderate one, because he will feel that he is getting no more than his due, or rather less, since no honor can be enough for perfect excellence. Nevertheless, he will accept such honors, on the ground that there is nothing greater that they can give him. But honor conferred by ordinary people for trivial reasons he will utterly despise, because that sort of thing is beneath his dignity. And similarly, with dishonor, because it cannot rightfully attach to him.” – Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethics

“The spoliation of the church’s property, the fraudulent alienation of the State domains, the robbery of the common lands, the usurpation of feudal and clan property, and its transformation into modern private property under circumstances of reckless terrorism, were just so many idyllic methods of primitive accumulation. They conquered the field for capitalistic agriculture, made the soil part and parcel of capital, and created for the town industries the necessary supply of a “free” and outlawed proletariat.” – Karl Marx, Das Kapital

“My meaning, Sancho, is, that the desire of fame is a most active principle in the human breast. What, do’st thou imagine was the motive that prevailed on Horatio to throw himself from the bridge, armed at all points, into the depth of the river Tyber? What induced Mutius to burn his hand and arm? What impelled Curtius to dart himself into the flaming gulph, which opened in the midst of Rome? What prompted Caesar to pass the Rubicon, in spite of all the unfavorable omens that appeared? And, to give you a more modern instance, what consideration bored the ships, and let on shore, encompassed with enemies, those valiant Spaniards, in the new world, under the conduct of the most courteous Cortez. All these, and many other great and various exploits, are, were and shall be performed, in consequence of that desire of fame, which flatters mortals with a share of that immortality which they deem the merited reward of their renowned achievements: although, we catholic Christian knights-errant, ought to pay greater attention to that glory which is to come, and eternally survives within the eternal and celestial mansions, than to the vanity of that fame which is obtained in this present, perishable state, and which, considered in its longest duration, must end at length, with the world itself, which hath its appointed period. Wherefore, Sancho, our works must not exceed the limits prescribed by the Christian religion, which we profess. We must, in slaying giants, extirpate pride; get the better of envy by benevolence and virtue; resist anger with patience and forbearance; conquer gluttony and sloth by temperance and watchfulness; luxury and lewdness by our fidelity to those whom we constitute mistresses of our inclination; and idleness by travelling through all parts of the world, in quest of opportunities to evince ourselves not only Christians, but, moreover, renowned knights.” – Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote

Published by jim

Curator of things...

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