Philosophy, June 29th

“The manufacturers, however, did not allow this ‘progress’ without a compensating ‘retrogression’. At their instigation, the House of Commons reduced the minimum age for exploitable children from 9 to 8, in order to ensure that ‘additional supply of factory children’ which is owed to the capitalists, according to divine and human law.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“The temporary or local want of labor brings about no rise in wages, but a forcing of the women and children into the fields, and exploitation at an age constantly lowered. As soon as the exploitation of the women and children takes place on a larger scale, it becomes in turn a new means of making a surplus population of the male agricultural laborer and of keeping down his wage.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“Nevertheless, these are exceptions in antiquity. But as soon as peoples whose production still moves within the lower forms of slave-labor, the corvee, etc. are drawn into a world market dominated by the capitalist mode of production, whereby the sale of their products for export develops into their principal interest, the civilized horrors of over-work are grafted onto the barbaric horrors of slavery, serfdom etc. Hence the Negro labor in the southern states of the American Union preserved a moderately patriarchal character if production was chiefly directed to the satisfaction of immediate local requirements. But in proportion as the export of cotton became of vital interest to those states, the over-working of the Negro, and sometimes the consumption of his life in seven years of labor, became a factor in a calculated and calculating system. It was no longer a question of obtaining from him a certain quantity of useful products, but rather of the production of surplus-value itself.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“The distinguishing feature of Communism is not the abolition of property generally, but the abolition of bourgeois property. But modern bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products, that is based on class antagonisms, on the exploitation of the many by the few.” – Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto

“Sancho, liberty is one of the most precious gifts which heaven hath bestowed on man, exceeding all the treasures which earth encloses or which ocean hides; and for this blessing, as well as for honor, we may and ought to venture life itself: on the other hand, captivity and restraint are the greatest evils that human nature can endure.” – Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote

“Thou art in the right: and if I do not complain of the pain, it is because knights-errant are not permitted to complain of any wound they receive, even though’ their bowels should come out of their bodies.” – Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote

Published by jim

Curator of things...

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