Philosophy, July 10th

“Probably no agitation has ever attained the magnitude, either in the number of its recruits or the area of its influence, which has been attained by Modern Socialism, and at the same time been so little understood and so misunderstood, not only by the hostile and the indifferent, but by the friendly, and even by the great mass of its adherents themselves. This unfortunate and highly dangerous state of things is due partly to the fact that the human relationships which this movement – if anything so chaotic can be called a movement – aims to transform, involve no special class or classes, but literally all mankind; partly to the fact that these relationships are infinitely more varied and complex in their nature than those with which any special reform has ever been called upon to deal; and partly to the fact that the great molding forces of society, the channels of information and enlightenment, are well-nigh exclusively under the control of those whose immediate pecuniary interests are antagonistic to the bottom claim of Socialism that labor should be put in possession of its own.” – Benjamin Tucker, Instead of a Book

“One man has employed himself a week in providing this necessary of life . . . and he that gives him some other in exchange, cannot make a better estimate of what is a proper equivalent, than by computing what cost him just as much labor and time: which in effect is no more than exchanging one man’s labor in one thing for a time certain, for another man’s labor in another thing for the same time.” – Anonymous

“If the people are made strong, the army will be doubly diminished; if the people are made weak, the army will be doubly strengthened.” – Shang Yang, The Book of Lord Shang

“Machinery, it is true, cheapens the necessaries of life, but it also cheapens the laborer.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“That anything should be held by all does not imply anything more than its being a common notion, just as the existence of a common notion does not imply objective truth.” – Averroes, The Incoherence of the Incoherence

“Division of labor within the workshop implies the undisputed authority of the capitalist over men, who are merely the members of a total mechanism which belongs to him. The division of labor within society brings into contact independent producers of commodities, who acknowledge no authority other than that of competition, of the coercion exerted by the pressure of their reciprocal interests, just as in the animal kingdom the ‘war of all against all’ preserves the conditions of existence of every species. The same bourgeois consciousness which celebrates the division of labor in the workshop, the lifelong annexation of the worker to a partial operation, and his complete subjection to capital, as an organization of labor that increases its productive power, denounces with equal vigor every conscious attempt to control and regulate the process of production socially, as an inroad upon such sacred things as the rights of property, freedom and the self-determining ‘genius’ of the individual capitalist. It is very characteristic that the enthusiastic apologists of the factory system have nothing more damning to urge against a general organization of labor in society than that it would turn the whole of society into a factory.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“If, however, the means of life shall ever become so utterly divorced from human toil that all men look on all wealth as air is now looked upon, I will then admit that, so far as material enjoyment is concerned, Communism will be practicable (I do not say advisable) without violation of liberty. Until then, I must insist that a State will be necessary to its realization and maintenance.” – Benjamin Tucker, Instead of a Book

“The cooperation of theory and practice produces in humanity the realization of order – the absolute truth.” – Benjamin Tucker, Instead of a Book

“In the world, there is nobody who does not wish to foster what he loves and discard what he hates. Now when you hear there is a district with a brave knight in it, you must follow him and kill him. This is not loving bravery; this is hating bravery.” – Mo Di, The Book of Master Mo

Published by jim

Curator of things...

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