Philosophy, July 11th

“In every venture the bold man comes off best, even the wanderer, bound from distant shores.” – Homer, The Odyssey

“Use-values like coats, linen, etc. in short, the physical bodies of commodities, are combinations of two elements, the material provided by nature, and labor.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“The principle of authority, applied to men who have surpassed or attained their majority, becomes a monstrosity, a flagrant denial of humanity, a source of slavery and intellectual and moral depravity. Unfortunately, paternal governments have left the masses to wallow in an ignorance so profound that it will be necessary to establish schools not only for the people’s children, but for the people themselves. From these schools will be absolutely eliminated the smallest applications or manifestations of the principle of authority. They will be schools no longer; they will be popular academies, in which neither pupils nor masters will be known, where the people will come freely to get, if they need it, free instruction, and in which, rich in their own experience, they will teach in their turn many things to the professors who shall bring them knowledge which they lack. This, then, will be a mutual instruction, an act of intellectual fraternity between the educated youth and the people.” – Michael Bakunin, God and the State

“You take my life When you do take the means whereby, I live.” – Shakespeare

“The health officers, the industrial inquiry commissioners, the factory inspectors, all repeat, repeatedly, that it is both necessary for the workers to have these 500 cubic feet, and impossible to impose this rule on capital. They are declaring that consumption and the other pulmonary diseases of the workers are conditions necessary to the existence of capital.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“Since money does not reveal what has been transformed into it, everything, commodity or not, is convertible into money. Everything becomes saleable and purchasable. Circulation becomes the great social retort into which everything is thrown, to come out again as the money crystal. Nothing is immune from this alchemy, the bones of the saints cannot withstand it, let alone more delicate res sacrosanctae, extra commercium hominum (‘consecrated objects, beyond human commerce’). Just as in money every qualitative difference between commodities is extinguished, so too for its part, as a radical leveler, it extinguishes all distinctions. But money is itself a commodity, an external object capable of becoming the private property of any individual. Thus, the social power becomes the private power of private persons. Ancient society therefore denounced it as tending to destroy the economic and moral order.” – Karl Marx, Capital

“I do not believe in any inherent right of property. Property is a social convention and may assume many forms. Only that form of property can endure, however, which is based on the principle of equal liberty. All other forms must result in misery, crime, and conflict. The Anarchistic form of property has already been defined, in the previous answers to Mr. Blodgett, as “that which secures each in the possession of his own products, or of such products of others as he may have obtained unconditionally without the use of fraud or force, and in the realization of all titles to such products which he may hold by virtue of free contract with others.” It will be seen from this definition that Anarchistic property concerns only products. But anything is a product upon which human labor has been expended, whether it be a piece of iron or a piece of land.” – Benjamin Tucker, Instead of a Book

“See in how profound an error our dear and illustrious idealists find themselves. In talking to us of God they purpose, they desire, to elevate us, emancipate us, ennoble us, and, on the contrary, they crush and degrade us. With the name of God, they imagine that they can establish fraternity among men, and, on the contrary, they create pride, contempt; they sow discord, hatred, war; they establish slavery. For with God come the different degrees of divine inspiration; humanity is divided into men highly inspired, less inspired, uninspired. All are equally insignificant before God, it is true; but, compared with each other, some are greater than others; not only in fact – which would be of no consequence, because inequality in fact is lost in the collectivity when it cannot cling to some legal fiction or institution – but by the divine right of inspiration, which immediately establishes a fixed, constant, petrifying inequality. The highly inspired must be listened to and obeyed by the less inspired, and the less inspired by the uninspired. Thus, we have the principle of authority well established, and with it the two fundamental institutions of slavery: Church and State.” – Michael Bakunin, God and the State

“There were divers other minute circumstances to be observed, but, all of them of small importance and concern to the truth of history, though’ indeed nothing that is true can be impertinent: however, if any objection can be started to the truth of this, it can be no other, but that the author was an Arabian, of a nation but too much addicted to falsehood, though’ as they are at present our enemies, it may be supposed, that he has rather failed than exceeded in the representation of our hero’s exploits: for, in my opinion, when he had frequently opportunities, and calls to exercise his pen in the praise of such an illustrious knight, he seems to be industriously silent on the subject; a circumstance very little to his commendation, for, all historians ought to be punctual, candid and dispassionate, that neither interest, rancor, fear, or affection may mislead them from the road of truth, whose mother is history, that rival of time, that depository of great actions, witness of the past, example and pattern of the present, and oracle of future ages.” – Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote

Published by jim

Curator of things...

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