Philosophy, August 5th

“On the other hand, it is painful to observe that he is pained at one’s own misfortunes, since everyone tries to avoid causing his friends pain. For this reason a man of a resolute nature takes care not to involve his friends in his own troubles, and unless he is exceptionally insensitive cannot stand the thought of causing them pain; and in general does not give them a chance to lament with him, because he himself does not indulge in lamentation either.” – Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethics

“The essential condition for the existence, and for the sway of the bourgeois class, is the formation and augmentation of capital; the condition for capital is wage-labor. Wage-labor rests exclusively on competition between the laborers. The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the laborers, due to competition, by their revolutionary combination, due to association. The development of Modern Industry, therefore, cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products. What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, is its own gravediggers. Its fall and victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable.” – Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto

“In the times when the people of old did not yet know how to make dwellings, they lived near hills and mounds and in caves where the moisture and dampness beneath harmed them. Therefore, the sage kings created dwellings and houses. As to their method of building dwellings, they said that a house should be high enough to escape moisture and dampness, the external walls sufficient to withstand wind and cold, the roof sufficient to withstand snow, frost, rain and dew, and the internal walls high enough to maintain the proper separation of men and women. There should be careful attention to these requirements and nothing more, so that, in general, waste of materials and expenditure of strength that did not bring added benefit was avoided. People may labor in their regular employment and in maintaining their city walls, and yet not be harmed. They may have expenditure due to their regular levies and the collection of rents and taxes, and yet not be distressed. It is not these things that cause the people to suffer. Excessive demands are what cause suffering among the common people. That is why, when the sage kings made dwellings, they made them suitable for living in but not to be pleasing to the eye. When they made clothes, garments, belts, and shoes, they made them suitable for the body but not to be strange and exotic. Thus, they were frugal in themselves and instructive to the people, so the people of the world could be provided for and brought to order and could get enough materials to use.” – Mozi, The Book of Master Mo

“Most people, however, recoil from death as though it were the greatest of evils; at other times they welcome it as the end-all of life’s ills. The sophisticated person, on the other hand, neither begs off from living nor dreads not living. Life is not a stumbling block to him, nor does he regard not being alive as any sort of evil. As in the case of food he prefers the most savory dish to merely the larger portion, so in the case of time he garners to himself the most agreeable moments rather than the longest span.” – Epicurus, Letters

“The state of mind, which subordinates the interests of the ego to the conservation of the community, is really the first premise for every truly human culture. From it alone can arise all the great works of mankind, which bring the founder little reward, but the richest blessings to posterity. Yes, from it alone can we understand how so many are able to bear up faithfully under scanty life which imposes on them nothing but poverty and frugality but gives the community the foundations of its existence. Every worker, every peasant, every inventor, official, etc., who works without ever being able to achieve any happiness or prosperity for himself, is a representative of this lofty idea, even if the deeper meaning of his activity remains hidden in him.” – Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

“The French Revolution, for example, abolished feudal property in favor of bourgeois property.” – Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto

“The judges of the supreme court of Illinois are in accord with the Communists of Illinois upon at least one point. They say in their opinion: “Law and government cannot be abolished without revolution bloodshed, and murder.” Despite the sanction which the Communists thus receive from so exalted a quarter, Anarchists will continue to hold the contrary opinion, and to maintain that only under very rare and extreme circumstances is bloodshed essential to the abolition of government, that under other circumstances it can be no more than incidental to it, and that it will not be even that when there is a little more intelligence abroad regarding the principle of liberty, which, revolution or no revolution, must in any event be the chief factor in the abolition of government.” – Benjamin Tucker, Instead of a Book

“Only in this way can it be explained that the state as such does not necessarily presuppose territorial limitation. This will be necessary only among the peoples who want to secure the maintenance of their national comrades by their own resources; in other words, are prepared to fight the struggle for existence by their own labor. Peoples who can sneak their way into the rest of mankind like drones, to make other men work for them under all sorts of pretexts, can form states even without any definitely delimited living space of their own. This applies first and foremost to a people under whose parasitism the whole of honest humanity is suffering, today more than ever: the Jews.” – Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

“From what I have said, I would have you infer, my precious Wiseacres, that there is a great confusion of pedigrees, and that those only appear grand and illustrious, whose representatives abound with virtue, liberality and wealth: I say, virtue, liberality and wealth, because, the vicious great man is no more than a great sinner; and the rich man, without liberality, a mere covetous beggar; for, happiness does not consist in possessing, but in spending riches, and that, not in squandering them away, but, in knowing how to use them with taste: now, a poor knight has no other way of signalizing his birth, but, the practice of virtue, being affable, well bred, courteous, kind, and obliging, a stranger to pride, arrogance, and slander, and, above all things, charitable; for, by giving two farthings cheerfully to the poor, he may shew himself as generous as he that dispenses alms by sound of bell: and whoever sees him adorned with these virtues, although’ he should be an utter stranger to his race, will conclude that he is descended of a good family. Indeed, it would be a sort of miracle to find it otherwise; so that praise is always the reward of virtue, and never fails to attend the righteous. There are two paths, my children, that lead to wealth and honor; one is that of learning, the other that of arms: now, I am better qualified for the last than for the first, and, (as I judge from my inclination to arms) was born under the influence of the planet Mars; so that I am, as it were, obliged to choose that road, which I will pursue, in spite of the whole universe: you will therefore fatigue yourselves to no purpose, in attempting to persuade me from that which heaven inspires, fortune ordains, reason demands, and above all things, my own inclination dictates: knowing, as I do, the innumerable toils annexed to knight-errantry, I am also well acquainted with the infinite benefits acquired in the exercise of that profession: I know that path of virtue is very strait, while the road of vice is broad and spacious; I know their end and issue is different: the wide extended way of vice conducts the traveler to death; while the narrow, toiled path of virtue, leads to happiness in life – not that which perishes, but, that which hath no end; and I know, as our great Castilian poet observes, By these rough paths of toil and pain, Th’ immortal seats of bliss we gain, Deny’d to those who heedless stray In tempting pleasure’s flowery way.” – Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote

Published by jim

Curator of things...

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