The world in brief – Monday, October 3, 2022

In Yemen, warring sides fail to extend cease-fire:

Yemen’s warring sides have failed to reach an agreement to extend a nationwide ceasefire, endangering the longest lull in fighting since the country’s bloody eight-year civil war began. The truce was brokered by the United Nations in April and has been renewed twice. The conflict began in 2014, when the Iranian-aligned Houthis seized the capital, Sanaa, and much of northern Yemen and later forced the government into exile. In March 2015, a Saudi Arabia-led coalition, including the United Arab Emirates, began a military campaign, backing the internationally-recognised government. However, the fighting has resulted in an impasse and has devastated the country, creating what the UN has described as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, and killing 150,000 people.

In Ukraine, troops push into Kherson:

Ukrainian troops pushed forward Monday with their offensive that has embarrassed Moscow, with Kyiv officials and foreign observers hinting at new gains in the strategic southern region of Kherson that the Kremlin wants to annex. Kherson has been one of the toughest battlefields for the Ukrainians, with slower progress when compared with Ukraine’s breakout offensive around the country’s second largest city of Kharkiv, in the northeast, that began last month. Kherson is one of the four regions illegally annexed by Moscow last week after a “referendum” orchestrated by the Kremlin. The lower house of the Kremlin-controlled parliament ratified the treaties Monday, and the upper house will follow on Tuesday. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Monday that two of those regions, Donetsk and Luhansk, are joining Russia with their administrative borders that existed before a conflict erupted there in 2014 between pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian forces. He noted that the issue of the borders of the two other regions — Zaporizhzhia and Kherson — remains open. “We will continue to discuss that with residents of those regions,” Peskov said in a conference call with reporters. He did not provide additional details.

In Sweden, Nobel Prize awarded to evolutionary scientist:

This year’s Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine has been awarded to Swedish scientist Svante Paabo for his discoveries on human evolution. Thomas Perlmann, secretary of the Nobel Committee, announced the winner Monday at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. Paabo has spearheaded research comparing the genome of modern humans and our closest extinct relatives, the Neanderthals and Denisovans, showing that there was mixing between the species. The medicine prize kicked off a week of Nobel Prize announcements. It continues Tuesday with the physics prize, with chemistry on Wednesday and literature on Thursday. The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday and the economics award on Oct 10. Last year’s medicine recipients were David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their discoveries into how the human body perceives temperature and touch. The prizes carry a cash award of 10 million Swedish kronor (nearly 900,000) and will be handed out on Dec 10. The money comes from a bequest left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.

Internationally, Chinese embassies hold events to celebrate 73rd anniversary of founding of PRC:

Chinese embassies and missions have held events to celebrate the 73rd anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), during which foreign officials and experts expressed their good wishes for the upcoming 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and eyed further cooperation. Director-General of the UN Office at Geneva Tatiana Valovaya, World Intellectual Property Organization Director General Daren Tang, International Labor Organization Director-General Guy Ryder, World Trade Organization Director-General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and other heads of international organizations and permanent representatives of various countries in Geneva expressed their admiration for and appreciation of the great achievements China has made in the past decade, wishing the 20th National Congress of the CPC a success. Looking forward to continuing to strengthen cooperation with China in their respective fields, they expected China to continue to play an important role in international affairs and make greater contribution to world peace and development.

In Russia, State Duma unanimously ratifies accession treaties for Donetsk and Luhansk:

The State Duma has unanimously ratified the treaties on the accession of the Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics (DPR and LPR), as well as Kherson and Zaporozhye Regions, to Russia. President Vladimir Putin submitted the documents regarding the four former Ukrainian territories to the lower house of parliament on Sunday. All four voted overwhelmingly in favor of joining Russia in referendums held between September 23 and 27. Addressing legislators before the vote, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that accession will “serve the interests of all people of our multiethnic country.” He added that Kiev had oppressed Russian-speaking people, which made the existence of certain territories within the Ukrainian state impossible. State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin argued that accession to Russia is the only way to save the people living in the four former Ukrainian territories from shelling by Ukrainian troops. “The only way to end this is reunification [with Russia],” he said.

In Brazil, Lula wins first round of Presidential elections:

Former Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2011) expressed confidence that he would win the October 30 runoff against incumbent Jair Bolsonaro. “Throughout this campaign, we were ahead in the public opinion poll of all the institutes, even those who did not want us to win, and it always seemed to me that we were going to win these elections, and I want to tell you that we are going to win these elections. It is just an extension”, he said in one of the auditoriums of the Jaraguá hotel in this state capital. Lula obtained 48.20 percent of the valid votes on Sunday, while Bolsonaro won 43.39 percent.

In Iran, widespread protests and demonstrations over death of Mahsa Amini continue:

Following the heinous murder of Mahsa Amini by the thugs of the theocratic regime’s “morality police”, our people – especially and above all women – have strongly condemned and protested against this violent and inhumane conduct of the Islamic Republic [of Iran].  The protests have not remained confined to [the issue of] MahsaAmini’s murder – and, within a short space of time, have quickly evolved to target the entire rule of the Islamist regime and its reactionary and anti-people nature, and has swept through 80 cities of the country.  While these protests began under the name of Mahsa, the slogan “Women, Life, Freedom” has become the de-facto mantra of the struggle of the Iranian people both at home and abroad against the ruling dictatorship. The widespread popular protests in recent days are a clear culmination and display of more than 4 decades of people’s anger, disgust, and hatred at the ruling criminal regime, – [a regime] whose anti-people, reactionary, and plundering policies have meant corruption, unemployment, high prices, repression, and severe poverty and deprivation in society, especially for women and young people.  That is why the passionate and active presence of young people and university students in the protests and strikes of the current popular movement, despite severe repression by the mercenaries of the “Supreme Religious Leader”, is expanding further and opening up new arenas of struggle. In recent days, students at more than 80 universities of the country boycotted their classes in protest against the regime’s crackdown, including at: the University of Tehran, Shahid Beheshti University, Sharif University of Technology, Shiraz University of Art, Shahid Madani University of Azerbaijan, Abadan Oil University, Isfahan University, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University of Hamadan, Chamran University of Ahvaz, University of Science and Technology, Polytechnic University, Tabriz University, University of Gilan, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, and Qazvin International University.  These protests were met with severe and brutal attacks by regime thugs and a large number ofstudents were arrested.  According to the latest news, gunfire was reported at Shiraz University last night [29 September].

Published by jim

Curator of things...

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